Number Sense Resources

Information on Fact Fluency or Procedural Fluency

Procedural Fluency section of National Research Councils Adding it Up: Helping Children Learn Mathematics Report (2001)

Interview on Vimeo with Gina Kling from Western Michigan University and Dr. Jennifer Bay Williams from the University of Louisville authors of "Assessing Basic Fact Fluency" in the April 2013 Teaching Children Mathematics journal.

"Fluency Without Fear" article by Jo Boaler

Information on Timed Tests

Teaching Children Mathematics April 2014 article "New Evidence on Timed Tests"

Assessing Fact Fluency
The file section below contains several examples of fluency assessments which are not timed and are much shorter than traditional fluency assessments.  The assessments focus on strategies not just speed.  They include:
"Fact Fluency Quiz with Strategies"
"Assessment Add Fact Inventory"
 

Developing Fact Fluency

Books
The document below called "Writing prompts for developing fluency with basic facts" is a great way to get students writing about number sense.  I particularly like the idea of an advice column with strategies for "tough" facts.  The suggestions in the document are based on the work of Margaret McIntosh in Write Starts: 101 Writing Prompts for Math.

The curriculum office has copies of each of these books if you are interested in taking a look at the materials before purchasing for your classroom.
Number Talks by Sherry Perrish
Minilessons for Early Addition and Subtraction by Willem Uittenbogaard and Catherine Twomey Fosnot
Minilessons for Extending Addition and Subtraction by Willem Uittenbogaard and Catherine Twomey Fosno
Minilessons for Early Multiplication and Division by Willem Uittenbogaard and Catherine Twomey Fosnot
Minilessons for Extending Multiplication and Division by Willem Uittenbogaard and Catherine Twomey Fosnot


Games
These and other games can be found at youcubed.stanford.edu  There are also word documents to some of the games in the files below.
Shut the Box Addition
Shut the Box  Multiplication
Tic-Tac-Toe Sums
Tic-Tac-Toe Products
Race to 100
Bowl a Fact

These and other games can be found on the NCTM website.  There are also word documents for some of the games in the files below.
Contig +/-
Contig
Oh No 99!

These and other games can be found on the Mathforlove website.  There are also word documents for these games in the files below.
1-2 Nim
1-2-3 Nim on a ten frame
Damult Dice
Horseshoes
Moogle
Twelves

Pre-made Games
Set
Mancala

Apps
New Wuzzit Trouble Jr for children 5-8

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